The World’s Top 10 Most Spoken Languages

June 27, 2008 at 12:11 am 7 comments

Language is perhaps the most important function of the human body – it allows us to get sustenance as a child, it allows us to get virtually anything we want as an adult, and it allows us many hours of entertainment through literature, radio, music, and films. This list (in order of least to most spoken) summarizes the most important languages in use today.

1 Mandarin
2 English
3 Hindustani
4 Spanish
5 Russian
6 Arabic
7 Bengali
8 Portuguese
9 Malay-Indonesian
10 French


 1 Mandarin
Number of speakers: 1 billion+

Surprise, surprise, the most widely spoken language on the planet is based in the most populated country on the planet. Beating second-place English by a 2 to 1 ratio, but don’t let that lull you into thinking that Mandarin is easy to learn. Speaking Mandarin can be really tough, because each word can be pronounced in four ways (or “tones”), and a beginner will invariably have trouble distinguishing one tone from another. But if over a billion people could do it, so could you. Try saying hello!

To say “hello” in Mandarin, say “Ni hao” (Nee HaOW). (”Hao” is pronounced as one syllable, but the tone requires that you let your voice drop midway, and then raise it again at the end.)

2 English
Number of speakers: 508 million

While English doesn’t have the most speakers, it is the official language of more countries than any other language. Its speakers hail from all around the world, including New Zealand, the U.S., Australia, England, Zimbabwe, the Caribbean, Hong Kong, South Africa, and Canada. You’d well knowledge more about English, but you probably feel pretty comfortable with the language already. Let’s just move on to the most popular language in the world.

To say “hello” in English, say “What’s up, freak?” (watz-UP-freek).

3 Hindustani
Number of speakers: 497 million

Hindustani is the primary language of India’s crowded population, and it encompasses a huge number of dialects (of which the most commonly spoken is Hindi). While many predict that the population of India will soon surpass that of China, the prominence of English in India prevents Hindustani from surpassing the most popular language in the world. If you’re interested in learning a little Hindi, there’s a very easy way: rent an Indian movie. The film industry in India is the most prolific in the world, making thousands of action/romance/musicals every year.

To say “hello” in Hindustani, say “Namaste” (Nah-MAH-stay).

4 Spanish
Number of speakers: 392 million

Aside from all of those kids who take it in high school, Spanish is spoken in just about every South American and Central American country, not to mention Spain, Cuba, and the U.S. There is a particular interest in Spanish in the U.S., as many English words are borrowed from the language, including: tornado, bonanza, patio, quesadilla, enchilada, and taco grande supreme.

To say “hello” in Spanish, say “Hola” (OH-la).

5 Russian
Number of speakers: 277 million

Mikhail Gorbachev, Boris Yeltsin, and Yakov Smirnoff are among the millions of Russian speakers out there. Sure, we used to think of them as our Commie enemies. Now we think of them as our Commie friends. One of the six languages in the UN, Russian is spoken not only in the Mother Country, but also in Belarus, Kazakhstan, and the U.S. (to name just a few places).

To say “hello” in Russian, say “Zdravstvuite” (ZDRAST-vet-yah).

6 Arabic
Number of speakers: 246 million

Arabic, one of the world’s oldest languages, is spoken in the Middle East, with speakers found in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Egypt. Furthermore, because Arabic is the language of the Koran, millions of Moslems in other countries speak Arabic as well. So many people have a working knowledge of Arabic, in fact, that in 1974 it was made the sixth official language of the United Nations.

To say “hello” in Arabic, say “Al salaam a’alaykum” (Ahl sah-LAHM ah ah-LAY-koom).

7 Bengali
Number of speakers: 211 million

In Bangladesh, a country of 120+ million people, just about everybody speaks Bengali. And because Bangladesh is virtually surrounded by India (where the population is growing so fast, just breathing the air can get you pregnant), the number of Bengali speakers in the world is much higher than most people would expect.

To say “hello” in Bengali, say “Ei Je” (EYE-jay).

8 Portuguese
Number of speakers: 191 million

Think of Portuguese as the little language that could. In the 12th Century, Portugal won its independence from Spain and expanded all over the world with the help of its famous explorers like Vasco da Gama and Prince Henry the Navigator. (Good thing Henry became a navigator . . . could you imagine if a guy named “Prince Henry the Navigator” became a florist?) Because Portugal got in so early on the exploring game, the language established itself all over the world, especially in Brazil (where it’s the national language), Macau, Angola, Venezuela, and Mozambique.

To say “hello” in Portuguese, say “Bom dia” (bohn DEE-ah).

9 Malay-Indonesian
Number of speakers: 159 million

Malay-Indonesian is spoken – surprise – in Malaysia and Indonesia. Actually, we kinda fudged the numbers on this one because there are many dialects of Malay, the most popular of which is Indonesian. But they’re all pretty much based on the same root language, which makes it the ninth most-spoken in the world.

Indonesia is a fascinating place; a nation made up of over 13,000 islands it is the sixth most populated country in the world. Malaysia borders on two of the larger parts of Indonesia (including the island of Borneo), and is mostly known for its capital city of Kuala Lumpur.

To say “hello” in Indonesian, say “Selamat pagi” (se-LA-maht PA-gee).

10 French
Number of speakers: 129 million

Often called the most romantic language in the world, French is spoken in tons of countries, including Belgium, Canada, Rwanda, Cameroon, and Haiti. Oh, and France too. We’re actually very lucky that French is so popular, because without it, we might have been stuck with Dutch Toast, Dutch Fries, and Dutch kissing (ew!).

To say “hello” in French, say “Bonjour” (bone-JOOR).


Entry filed under: यताउता को कुरा, knowledge.

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7 Comments Add your own

  • 1. Dean  |  July 26, 2009 at 11:34 pm

    Indonesian is different with malaysian
    Because we use Indonesian in our every day life everywhere

  • 2. Dean  |  July 26, 2009 at 11:37 pm

    Different with malayasian because
    Indonesian, is universally taught in schools, and is spoken by nearly every Indonesian. It is the language of business, politics, national media, education, and academia.

  • 3. Dean  |  July 26, 2009 at 11:40 pm

    Indonesian is Lingua France in Indonesia Republic

  • 4. MiAmidot  |  October 5, 2009 at 1:46 pm

    In Malay, “selamat pagi” means “good morning”.

    “Selamat” is a creolisation of Arabic “salam” which corresponds to Hebrew “shalom”.

    “Pagi” = “morning”.

    To say “hello” in “Malay”, you could say
    “Apa khabar?”=”How’s the news?”=”How’s everything?” which is equivalent to Mandarin “Ni hao ma?” which is often abbreviated to “Ni hao”.

    In response, you would say in Malay,
    “Khabar baik”=”Everything’s fine” or “Kurang baik”=”Not too great”.

    But many Malay speakers say it in Arabic
    “Asalmu-alaikum” which is the same as Hebrew “Shalom Aleikhem” which means “peace to you”. Then you would reply
    “w’alaikum salam” meaning “peace to you too”.

    The Malay language is the common root of Malaysian and Indonesian language. Indonesians insist on calling Malay language as Indonesian language because they are afraid of ethnic resentment from being associated with the Malay ethnic group. Similar reason for Malaysia calling it Malaysian language.

    However, Malay being the official language of Singapore and Brunei, they call a spade a spade and a broom a broom. Brunei and Singapore calls the language “Malay”. Unfortunately, 70% of Singaporeans cannot hold a conversation in Malay.

    it is time for Malaysia and Indonesia to stop fudging around and unite with southern Thais, Singapore, Brunei, southern Phillipines to just call the language Malay. Ever heard of Canadians, Australians or Americans hate calling their language “English” insisting that most of them are not ancestrally English?

    C’mon you guys from Indonesia and Malaysia, it is not
    “Asam di gunung, garam di laut bertemu dalam satu belanga”.
    Tamarind from the mountain, salt from the sea, mixed into the same cooking pot.

    But it is,
    “Garam dari gunung, garam dari laut bertemu dalam satu belanga, tak berbeza.”
    Salt from the mountain, salt from the sea, not differentiable in the same cooking pot.

  • 5. Hana  |  October 9, 2009 at 5:57 pm

    There’s not much difference between Malaysian and Indonesian. Both came from Malay, back then before the Europeans invaded southeast asia ALL of us used to speak the same language, which is Malay.

    Ancient leaders like Patih Gadjah Mada, Hang Tuah, bla bla all spoke the same language. Only dialects are different, every language has its own different dialects, like Malay has Javanese, Kelantanese etc…

    I’m not being bias because I’m originally from both countires, but they should definitely stop fighting over all these things because we came from the same roots.

  • 6. Connor Crosby  |  November 4, 2010 at 9:18 am

    Excellent article! I am making a WordPress theme that had the different ways to say hello as the background. Thank you very much!

  • 7. OLDEST LANGUAGE IN ASIA | World Car Blog  |  October 23, 2011 at 1:10 pm

    […] oldest language in asia […]

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